2012 Training Team — Oregon Virtual School District

I have been part of the Oregon Virtual School District Training Team since 2009. The Oregon Virtual School District is a program of the Oregon Department of Education that provides online curriculum tools, hosting, and resources for the state's public K-12 districts. Steve Nelson, the project director, has been smart about funding support and training for the districts, as well as the large technology stack itself.

Our training group includes teachers, tech directors, and administrators from Oregon schools. During the school year, we meet virtually via Google Hangouts and WebEx. In August, though, we meet face-to-face to plan our schedule and activities for the coming year. We spend some of the time getting to know our new teammates and getting to know the products and platforms we support.

Group juggling with the ORVSD Training Team

Group juggling with the ORVSD Training Team

This year's retreat included refresher sessions on WordPress and Google Apps. We filled in our workshop grid for October's Oregon Google Summit and mapped out the webinars, workshops, and training events we'll host across the state this fall. We'll also be presenting at state and regional conferences; creating tutorials and how-tos; and traveling to school districts and ESDs for ORVSD training days. It's been a pleasure to help for the past three years.

The 2012 ORVSD Training Team

The 2012 ORVSD Training Team

Flickr, Creative Commons, and Chick-fil-A (Paging Dr. Lessig)

Last month, Ken Cook tweeted me that one of my Flickr photos was being used. I took a quick look at the article in question, saw that the photo was correctly attributed and put it aside. I thought, "well, maybe he's letting me know someone is using my image in an article I might not agree with...." I was traveling and finishing a database project simultaneously that week and had only one undernourished brain cell left for Twitter and the web, so I added the tweet to my to-do-later list.

Once I was back at home and settled, Cook's meaning settled in.... My Flickr photos are licensed with an Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Creative Commons license. I had focused on the attribution part in my first glance and had completely ignored the non-commercial part: "You may not exercise any of the rights granted to You in Section 3 above in any manner that is primarily intended for or directed toward commercial advantage or private monetary compensation."

The site using my image was Business Insider, a site that looks like it's certainly commercial.

My Chick-fil-A photo on Business Insider

My Chick-fil-A photo on Business Insider

Not only is the site commercial, but it was also posting this article just as the current Chick-fil-A controversy was heating up. So, am I okay with my photo being used? Is it a violation of my non-commercial license? I went to my Creative Commons and copyright bookmarks to see if I could find an answer. This issue is not new; I have a Creative Commons bookmark from Fall 2009: Defining Noncommercial: A Study of How the Online Population Understands “Noncommercial Use.” The study is good reading, but it did not provide a clear answer to my questions.

Ars Technica's Creative Commons images and you covered the issue with a little more depth from the users' perspective. On the issue of non-commercial images, the author advised editors, "check with your publisher's legal department on this question, because putting noncommercial Creative Commons images in your articles is a real gray area."

In contrast, the Ars Technica article linked to a 2008 post on non-commercial use by librarian Molly Kleinman. Molly stated the opposite in her examples: "Using a photo on an ad-supported website = Commercial."

So, I'm indecisive for now. When I first decided to publish my photos, blogs, slide decks, and videos with Creative Commons licenses, my intended users were educators and non-profits. I believe in sharing, but I didn't set out to make a for-profit website editor's job easier/cheaper because he can embed one of my images instead of sending a photographer/writer out to Chick-fil-A for a photo. Again though, I believe in sharing and I believe in the sharing culture that has allowed creativity to flourish on the web.

Business Insider is clearly making money (that commercial advantage or private monetary compensation phrase from the Creative Commons license excerpt above). There's a vodka ad next to my photo, for Pete's sake. But, are they making money because of my photo? Most likely not. They're most likely making money from the headline. (Remember the opening of that clause says in any manner that is primarily intended for or directed toward commercial advantage or private monetary compensation.)

Is there a difference between the use of my photo and the overall for-profit status of the organization?

After three weeks of reading and reaching out to experts, I'm still uncertain.

I'm indecisive for now because I want to be consistent. If I ask Business Insider to remove my image, I should also do the same of many of the smaller blogs that have used my images. They may not all have a pricey Ketel Vodka block ad in the sidebar, but they often have Google AdWords or Amazon affiliate blocks.

I tend to lean to the left on this. My thoughts are more in line with Lawrence Lessig than Sonny Bono on copyright issues, so I would rather share than restrict. However, I want to be faithful to the spirit and law of Creative Commons.

I'll take any words of wisdom, either in agreement or dissent.

(Thanks, Ken Cook for making me think this through.)

Chromebooks in Our Schools — One Year Later — The Coda

This is the final part of a series. Part one is here. Part two is there. Part three is here.

1) I've been taking a lot of photos and talking to a lot of our students, teachers, and interested parties this year. I want to make sure it's on the record that I get no benefit from Google or any other company for doing this. I love my job. I love the schools and people where I live. I'm excited about the technology we bring into our classrooms in the right ways and get frustrated when we do it wrong, usually because of short staff, short money, or short time. I prefer to learn from the wrong and highlight the right. That is all.

Mr. Cochran, Mr. Fleming, Mr. Felton, and Mr. Hisaw.

Mr. Cochran, Mr. Fleming, Mr. Felton, and Mr. Hisaw.

2) I do a lot of talking (quiet, Ryan) and writing about all of this. There are hundreds of people around me who do the real work. Here's a partial list of thanks:

  • The Original Eight (CCMS sixth-grade teachers in 2006 plus Jim Crouch, student teacher) — Heidi Lea, Zach Fleming, Lori Meadows, Les Parker, Ryan Cochran, Vicki Bobbit, Casey Callan, and Sue Simmons — you're the best ever!
  • D.C. Lundy — Principal at Powell Butte School during the initial Intel 1:1 pilot and chief instigator for technology in education, Crook County style
  • Kurt Sloper — Sixth-grade teacher at Powell Butte that first year and my professional development guinea pig (he's now Assistant Principal at CCMS and has continued to be a great guinea pig)
  • Steve Swisher and Dennis Dempsey — CCSD (circa 2006) and HDESD Superintendents, respectively; ones who pushed us to push the envelope
  • Bruce Hahn — The CCSD Director of Technology who makes all our crazy ideas happen
  • Rocky Miner — Principal of CCMS (circa 2006, currently CCHS Principal) and team time champion
  • Stacy Smith — Current Principal of CCMS (Assistant Principal in 2006) who walks the walk each day
  • Andie Sangston — Queen (see part three)
  • Mike Witnauer — 1:1 Program Manager (after I was pulled away for another project) and smart guy
  • Steve Welden, Lance Queen, and Yancey Fall — CCSD Tech and savers-of-the-day for many years now
  • Rachael Huish — CCMS Math Teacher (circa 2011; Rachael is now a school administrator in Southern Oregon) and the original Chromebook cheerleader and just...leader
  • Charlene Walker — CCMS Science Teacher and current, tireless Chromebook team leader
  • CCSD Teachers — wish I could list them all....
  • CCSD Students and Parents — funny, smart, wily, exasperating, and supportive

CCMS Students with Cr-48s (Chromebooks).

Chromebooks in Our Schools — One Year Later — Part Three

This is part three of a series. Part one is here. Part two is there. The coda is here.

(I'm a big fan of unboxing posts and videos, especially this one. But, I always want to know how things are a year or two later.... Did the device hold up? Is it still in use after the shininess and newness faded? Still meaningful? What were the people and machine surprises? This three part series is my effort to answer my own questions.)

Part Three - The Classrooms

One student. One laptop. In Crook County, we have been on the road toward this vision of learning for over five years now. In part one of this series, I wrote about the investment in the people. It's first for a reason. We want to make sure the 1:1 program is a learning program, not a tech program. (Over the years, I have gotten a little more upset each time I've read this New York Times article about 1:1 programs. It's a primer on what not to do.)

In part two, I wrote about prior-year issues that were answered by the Google Chromebooks at Crook County Middle School. The Chromebooks are a great size. They're fast. They require very little up-front attention from our tech staff. They have been a good addition to our classrooms. We take care of and try to protect them (Mr. Fleming's football strategy).

CCMS students using Chromebooks shortly after unboxing

CCMS students using Chromebooks shortly after unboxing

The Chromebooks have been fairly low maintenance. We weren't sure this would be the case; we have the original Cr-48 test units, not the Samsung or Acer production models.

The biggest issue we struggle with is the wireless connection dropping at random times. We're not sure yet if this is our wireless infrastructure or the laptops. (Andie read this and called to let me know that the wireless issues seem to be resolved. Wahoo!) 

This summer, we also had a large number of machines throw what we affectionately call the frowny face error. Andie Sangston, our technology support person at CCMS, solved this problem with her super genius skills (and some help from the Chromebook gurus at Google).

The students would tell you the trackpads were really flaky at first. Ben Fohner and Andy Warr, Google Chromebook team members, got an earful of that exact complaint when they came to observe last March. Andy's name is still mentioned with reverence in the hallways because of just this issue. When talking with some of the students and listening to their gripes, he ran the latest update on their machines. The trackpad issues disappeared. Most CCMS students still believe he was magic. (Some students and teachers still don't like the trackpad, but we have students every year who prefer a USB mouse over a trackpad.)

Each time we have encountered something like this, Google has responded quickly. We appreciate that. Andie does, especially. She keeps the whole program afloat. Teachers and students turn to her with questions and requests for help.

Andie Sangston, CCMS tech support, on rollout day

Andie Sangston, CCMS tech support, on rollout day

We have been checking in with those teachers and students regularly. The Chromebooks are used often each day. They are used for traditional tasks like writing and researching, but also for unexpected projects like fitness tracking and stats analysis in PE class. The start-up speed continues to impress everyone. The Chromebooks are ready when the students are. (This is much different than our first years.)

The worries about the laptops being cloud machines, web only, or offline bricks didn't amount to much. I think of them as adult problems (similar to first-world problems). The students live comfortably on the web and in the cloud.

I could write more, but these are already long posts. Perhaps the best way to summarize our experience is that we are buying more Chromebooks. We've bought hundreds more for classrooms across our region. If we could afford to purchase more, we would.

We would buy more not because they're bright, new shiny tools. We would buy more not because we think they will solve all our education woes. We would buy more because of where this all started.... We try to improve our device selection each time we purchase a batch of laptops for students. We want the best match for the classroom and our students. The Chromebooks are it.

Our most recent rollout day; fourth-grade students in Redmond School District

Our most recent rollout day; fourth-grade students in Redmond School District

Next: the coda. It's here.

Delightful Design and the New, New Delicious - #edcampPDX

Edcamps are pretty cool. They're a low-stress, high-energy day of sharing. My session this month was on design. I'm not a designer, but I know good design when I see it (or something like that). I like things to be pretty and usable. Robin Williams (not that Robin Williams) wrote The Non-Designer’s Design Book. It's like my Elements of Style for flyer creation. I cribbed her big ideas for my slides.

After I did my ten-minute intro, we crowdsourced our favorite design resources. We did it via a Delicious stack. It was totally cool! It was the first time I used the new stacks in a live group. It will not be the last. To quote a friend, "awesome sauce." Nice work, new new Delicious.

Our delicious design stack

P.S. As a long time Delicious user, I was a little concerned with the shaky redesign a few months ago. I'm not any more. The AVOS team has been beyond responsive. And I'm loving the new features.

Chromebooks in Our Schools — One Year Later — Part Two

This is part two of a series. Part one is here. Part three is there. The coda is here.

(I'm a big fan of unboxing posts and videos, especially this one. But, I always want to know how things are a year or two later.... Did the device hold up? Is it still in use after the shininess and newness faded? Still meaningful? What were the people and machine surprises? This three part series is my effort to answer my own questions.)

Part Two — The Chromebooks

In part one of this series, I stressed the importance of professional development for any technology program in education. Crook County Middle School did that part really well. The teachers invested in and continued improving the original plan long after changes in my job took me away from my weekly visits to their classrooms. It wasn't perfect, but it was good.

Another thing that wasn't perfect on the first try was our laptop selection. (We purchased a laptop for each incoming sixth-grader, three years in a row.)

With the original 1:1 grant for Powell Butte Elementary, we purchased Gateway tablets. These were really nice machines, but much too large for sixth-grade students. They were also expensive.

When we expanded the program to sixth-graders across the district in the second year, we selected Lenovo ThinkPads. They were nice machines too, but still a little too large for sixth-grade shoulders and backpacks. We also began to realize that our students needed only about 10% of the capacity of these full-bodied laptops. The ThinkPads were approximately $1000 each.

CCMS student and teacher, Casey Callan, during rollout week

The recession hit. We learned really quickly that this was also too expensive — our education budgets were devastated.

In addition to cost, we struggled with configuration issues. The original Gateways and Lenovos were Microsoft XP machines that connected to the CCSD network. Each student had a directory account. Startup times were a killer in the classroom. After a frustrating autumn, teachers realized they had to think ahead and have students start up their machines at the beginning of class if they hoped to use them by the middle.

CCMS Principal Rocky Miner helps a student login during rollout week

So, we iterated. Our third year of purchases was netbooks. The smaller form factor was great...until it wasn't. The keyboards were too small, as were the screens. We were like Goldilocks in the cabin of the three bears.

The thing that did work well that year was a switch to Ubuntu for the operating system. Startup was faster and the netbooks were able to be used more flexibly than the other laptops.

And then we met the Chromebooks....

Let me recap the issues we struggled with for years: cost, size, speed. And I'll add an additional one: hands-on time by the tech staff (between imaging and updating, it was a lot).

CCMS student receiving her Cr-48 box (Chromebook)

CCMS student receiving her Cr-48 box (Chromebook)

Those four issues were addressed within days of the Chromebook rollout:

Cost — We are still in the midst of real budget strain in our districts. $1000 machines for each student are out of the question. As I write this, the Chromebooks are priced at under $500 off the shelf. We have not figured out how to purchase one for each student in this recession, even at that price, but this moves us much closer to a sustainable model. (We are purchasing hundreds of them across the region for classroom sets.)

SizeThis is one of my favorite parts. The 12" screen, full-size keyboard, and lightweight shell are the perfect size for students (and adults!) of all sizes. The Chromebooks fit easily into a backpack or messenger bag. They also fit school desks well.

Speed — Google says it's eight seconds for startup. It's rare that it takes that long.

Technology Prep Time — The photo above is a pretty good representation of how we rolled out 750 machines in February 2011. We gave them directly to the students...in the unopened boxes. They unboxed the machines. They installed the battery and set up their accounts. Within thirty minutes, they were logged in and online. The longest part of the process was taking the account picture.

CCMS student at the important account picture stage

CCMS student at the important account picture stage

In case I need to state this explicitly, the tech staff didn't touch the machines ahead of time. We were in love. And we've stayed in love. I'll recap the rollout year in Part Three of this series. Stay tuned.

(full set of Chromebook pilot photos here)

Repeat: the longest part of the process was taking the account picture.



Last time: the longest part of the process was taking the account picture. (All the "kids" had fun with the photos.)

CCMS teacher Ryan Cochran photobombs this student's profile pic

CCMS teacher Ryan Cochran photobombs this student's profile pic

Next: part three. It's here.

Chromebooks in Our Schools - One Year Later (Part One)

This is part one of a series. Part two is here. Part three is there. The coda is here.

One year ago today, we had a special delivery and announcement at Crook County Middle School. The school had been selected to pilot Google Chromebooks. The students and staff were thrilled, as you can see in the video highlights of the day. I've talked about that day, the pilot, and the machines several times since then, but have waited to post my thoughts until now.

(I'm a big fan of unboxing posts and videos, especially this one. But, I always want to know how things are a year or two later.... Did the device hold up? Is it still in use after the shininess and newness faded? Still meaningful? What were the people and machine surprises? This three part series is my effort to answer my own questions.)

Part One — Professional Development

I'm going to start my story in 2006, long before Google was thinking about Chromebooks. I was hired that December as a project manager for a 1:1 learning program at Crook County School District. The district was the recipient of an Intel 1:1 grant. The grant provided laptops and professional development for the sixth-grade classroom at Powell Butte Elementary School. The district decided soon after to scale the program out to all sixth-grade classrooms.

After some debate, we decided we would start this the right way, with a full year of professional development before the machines arrived. We hosted a kickoff camp for sixth-grade teachers that summer and began a weekly series of Tech Thursdays that fall. Rocky Miner, CCMS principal at the time, had crafted the school's schedule to allow team time each day, in addition to individual prep time. It was a great environment for making real change.

We chose a three-year professional development path. In year one, I would be almost solely responsible for the content and facilitation of our weekly sessions. In year two, the teachers would volunteer to lead half of our sessions. In year three, I would step back as observer and the team would hopefully be self-sustaining. The original eight core teachers included:

  • two who had never used a laptop (and used computers very rarely as a part of their day)
  • two tech rockstars (they learned applications and sites quickly)
  • four who were somewhere in between the two extremes

All eight knew their stuff. They were strong in curriculum and classroom management. All we needed to do was figure out how to integrate laptops with those strengths in a meaningful way. We started with the power button and track pad.... Seriously.

CCMS teachers after student laptop rollout in early 2008

We spent a year figuring it out. Together. We moved slowly at first and then more quickly as we got our feet under us. A year later, the rollout was a success. The teachers were ready; they were still standing at the end of a stressful first week. They are still standing today, years later. And they are still using technology only in ways that make sense in their classrooms.

So, what about the Chromebooks?? I know some of you are feeling ripped off after reading this far with still no mention of them.


That's just it.

Put the professional development first.

If you can't pay for it or plan for it, stop reading now. Do not go to part two. Reengineer your program design. On an enterprise (or school) level, we do a disservice to our teachers, students, and budgets when we drop machines in classrooms and expect the machines to make a difference on their own. The people make the difference. (This ASCD Educational Leadership article provides a balanced recap of 1:1 learning programs and highlights what we discovered in our own microcosm.)

CCMS teachers coming up to speed quickly on the Cr-48 pilot machines in early 2011

CCMS teachers coming up to speed quickly on the Cr-48 pilot machines in early 2011

Because of the good, sustained work of the teachers and administrators at CCMS (we added a grade level each year to our PD rotation), it was easy to recommend the school as a perfect one for Google's Chromebook pilot. Our people were ready and could focus on the suitability of the machines themselves.

More about that in part two.

(Self) Selection Bias and Big Data

11.11.11...tomorrow is Veteran's Day, Corduroy Appreciation Day, and edcampPDX

I pitched a talk for edcampPDX: Selection Bias v. Self-Selection Bias. I want to explore the similarities (or differences) of association and selection in our online world with those in our physical world. My thoughts around this topic have been accumulating for a few years. They intensified last spring at the ACPE conference. I really enjoyed debating with Mike Cullum there. We were sitting together with a few others one evening, talking about the amount of data being collected on each of us by companies like Google, Twitter, Facebook, and the like. We meandered. We talked about:

  • targeted ads — good? bad? neutral?
  • Dunbar's Number — what? you have how many friends??
  • filter bubbles — how did they know I like Nutella??
  • broadcasting v. narrowcasting — wide, birdshot audience? narrower, engaged audience?

This narrowcasting idea is what led us to discussion of echo chambers. Mike shared a fear: if we're able to dial our reading and following preferences too precisely, we'll miss a broader world view and contrasting opinions on the events of our time. He's right, of course. The idea of the echo chamber is real. Anyone who grew up watching Sunday morning news shows knows this was true even before CNN, 24-hour news, and certainly, the Internet.

Real? Yes. A danger? I'm not sure. I think we, as human beings, self-select our bias more effectively than any algorithmic selection. Mike worries that if he clicks on too many Fox News articles or befriends too many Tea Party members (sarcasm), his exposure to differing views will lessen. I think he's right, again. But I'm not worried. Here's why....

Walmart versus Whole Foods

When I choose to go to Walmart for my groceries, I quickly track myself into certain selections and options. My brand choices and produce selections differ from those at other retailers. I'm presented with products people at Walmart are likely to buy.

Walmart Store Exterior by Walmart Stores on Flickr (Creative Commons)

Walmart Store Exterior by Walmart Stores on Flickr (Creative Commons)

The same is true when I choose to go to Whole Foods. I'm again presented with certain options. Brands and produce are different, of course, but I notice the biases most when I'm in the checkout line. At Whole Foods, there is not a tabloid or People magazine in sight. There is, however, Mother Jones and Yoga Journal and other delights.

But...wait! I can't find The Economist at either location. Walmart and Whole Foods have both pegged me into a hole.

They have. They know what I like to buy by the simple fact that I've walked through their door.

But...wait! Who made the decision to walk through the door?

Oh. Me. Right....

Who has the free will to go to a different store? Me.

This analogy can be spun out in several varieties — think urban versus rural versus suburban preferences; think Nascar versus IndyCar; think same-city newspaper battles á la Chicago Sun-Times versus Chicago Tribune; think Fox News versus MSNBC. We self-select early and often. By choosing where to live, where to shop, what to read, and what to watch, we select ourselves right into those same lanes that are created virtually by Google and peers. We narrow our exposure to different experiences and ideas.

Collectively, we have been doing this for centuries. I'm not too worried because of just that. I can currently back out to a broader or different set of options both in my physical and online world. If there comes a time online when narrowing our exposure is replaced with eliminating our exposure (to products, thoughts, ideas), I'll write a follow-up post.

Whole Foods by Joe Shlabotnik on Flickr (Creative Commons)

Whole Foods by Joe Shlabotnik on Flickr (Creative Commons)

N.B. This post touches the surface of an issue that is miles deep.